Gender and health

Women live longer but men are healthier: this is what is called the gender health paradox. Gender analysis demonstrate the extent to which social norms, trajectories and experiences over the life course shape personalities, representations and roles withsignificant differences for men and women. The close interest of both social epidemiology and gender studies for the life course approach encourages to analyze the sex differences in health in the prism of gender. How gender constructs health (exposures and behaviours) is part of the explanation of the sex differences in health. Here, we study the association between men’s and women’s health and social roles and activity, looking at their respective position in the society, the family, the labour market...

Health differences between men and women: sex or gender issue?

The project "Health inequalities between men and women (ISHEF)" started in 2013 under my responsability (IRESP) aims to analyze gender differences in diseases, disability and dependency in order to identify factors linked to family situations, occupational careers and medical patterns. This is a collaborative and pluridisciplinary project to bring better document these differences (C Bonnet, M Khlat, F Meslé, A Pailhé, AF Molinié).

Health and quality of life of women victims of female genital mutilation: Survey "Excision et Handicap" (ExH)

In the framework of the project on gender and violence, I have been involved in a research aiming at measuring the long term harmfull consequences of the Female Genital Mutilations (FGM). In 2004, it was estimated that around 53 000 women with FGM were living in France. The FGM expose women to chronic conditions and functional difficulties in daily life due to impairments and pain and consequences on their sexual and affective life. The former are established but rarely measured, in particular in European countries; the latter are largely unknown. We developed an ad hoc survey to assess specific risks associated with FGM in based on FGM and non-FGM women recruted and interviewed in several French health center (ANR-DGS-INED. 2006-2009).

  • Andro, A., M. Lesclingand, and E. Cambois. 2009. Les mutilations sexuelles féminines en France. Fiche d’actualité, INED 10(Décembre): 1-3 .
  • Andro, A., M. Lesclingand, E. Cambois, and C. Cirbeau. 2009. Volet quantitatif du projet Excision et Handicap (ExH) : Mesure des lésions et traumatismes et évaluation des besoins en chirurgie réparatrice. Rapport final., 87.
  • Andro A., Cambois E., Lesclingand M. 2014. Long-term consequences of female genital mutilation in a European context: Self perceived health of FGM women compared to non-FGM women. Soc Sci Med. 106:177-84. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.02.003)